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Tyres Aged 10 Years+ On Lorries, Coaches, Buses & Taxis Will Be Banned

An old London bus next to a new bus

From February 2021, 10 year old tyres will be banned on all single wheels of vehicles with more than 8 passenger seats, and front axles of lorries buses and coaches – this new rule will be enforced in England, Scotland and Wales in an effort to increase road safety. 

Where has the 10-year tyre ban come from and why was it commissioned?

In September 2012, a tragic tyre failure on a coach led to the loss of three lives. The investigator who tended to the accident concluded that the tyre failure was the result of its age (a 19-year old tyre fitted to the front axle).

At this time there wasn’t any forensic evidence to describe or characterise the breakdown of the tyre’s construction relating to its years of usage. However, following the investigation, the Secretary of State for Transport advised coach owners and operators that tyres aged 10 years+ are no longer to be used at the steering axle (front) of coaches or buses.

Following on from the Secretary of State for Transport’s advice, an extensive investigation was authorised by the Department for Transport, and thorough research and scientific advice has shown that age affects the performance of multiple elements of a tyre – all of which are critical to its overall integrity and road safety.

How to check your tyres on vehicles with more than 8 passenger seats

The age of your vehicle’s tyres is found inside the tyre’s sidewall. Here you should find a three or four-digit tyre age code. Tyres with a three-digit code will be more than 10 years old.

The first two numbers of the tyre’s code displays the week of its manufacture and the next two digits show the year of manufacture.

Tyres 10 years and over will now be failed on:

It’s important to note that date codes are only marked on one side of a tyre, so if you can’t see a code, it could be the case that the date code is on twin wheel fitments. In this case, you can explain this to your local professional who will be able to assist you.

Retreaded tyres

Tyres that have been remoulded or retreaded can have two date codes. One of the date codes will signify the original week and year of manufacture and the other code will be the date of when the remoulding/retreading took place. In cases such as this, the most recent date code is the one you need to refer to.

You might spot some visual difference of the date code on remoulded/retreaded tyres – some are branded as opposed to moulded.

Criteria from testing guide found below:

(a) A tyre:


(i) load capacity or speed rating not in accordance with the minimum requirements

(ii) load capacity insufficient for axle presented weight




(b) Tyres on the same axle or on twin wheels are different sizesMajor
(c) Tyres on the same axle of different structureMajor
(d) A tyre:


(i) with a cut in excess of the requirements deep enough to reach the ply or cords

(ii) with a lump, bulge or tear caused by separation or partial failure of its structure, including any lifting of the tread rubber or with cords exposed or damaged




(e) Tyre tread depth not in accordance with the requirementsDangerous
(f) A tyre fouling a part of the vehicleMajor
(g) A recut tyre fitted to a vehicle not permitted to be fitted with recut tyresMajor
(h) Tyre pressure monitoring system malfunctioning or obviously not workingMajor
(i) A tyre not fitted in compliance with the manufacturer’s sidewall instructionsMajor
(j) A tyre valve seriously damaged or misaligned likely to cause sudden deflation of the tyreDangerous
(k) A tyre incorrectly seated on the wheel rimMajor
(l) Tyre obviously under-inflatedMinor
(m) A tyre over ten years old is fitted to a front steered axle of a bus, coach, or any axle on a minibus with a single wheel fitmentDangerous
(n) A date code illegible:


(i) on a tyre fitted to a rear axle of a bus or coach

(ii) or not visible on a tyre fitted to a front steered axle of a bus or coach or any axle on a minibus with a single wheel fitment




Is it important to check my tyres?

All drivers, owners and operators are accountable for the safety of their own vehicles. So with this new ban in mind, your tyres must be in line with the new requirements which will be enforced February this year. The DVSA will be checking the age of tyres as part of their routine roadside enforcement jobs and it will also be added to MOT tests.

If you need help with your vehicle tyres or require car servicing and repaircontact Treadfirst who can offer good prices and a friendly, honest service. If you’re in a rush, feel free to book an online MOT with your closest branch and we’ll be more than happy to assist you on the day.

“excellent service from reece today phoned at 3.15 took my van there for two tyres and tracking .all dun and on the road by 4.30 thats what i call fast and efficient service thanks very much definitely be using again”

David Cox

2 weeks ago

Your vehicle is extremely important to you, so when it comes to tyre fitting for your vehicle, you want peace of mind when it comes to safety and quality of service. At Treadfirst, we’ve been fitting car tyres since 1986, providing a professional service which allows you to drive away safely and preserve the condition of your car.

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Don’t risk your safety or the condition of your vehicles out on the road, get in touch with your local branch today to book professional tyre fitting for your vehicle. Our experienced team are always on hand to assist you and provide exceptional customer service.

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